1 edition of UK emissions of HFCs, PFCS and SF₆ and potential emission reduction options found in the catalog.
UK emissions of HFCs, PFCS and SF₆ and potential emission reduction options
by Dept. of the Environment, Transport and the Regions in London
Written in English
|Statement||prepared by March Consulting Group.|
|Contributions||March Consulting Group., Great Britain. Dept. of the Environment, Transport and the Regions.|
|LC Classifications||TD885.5.G73 U536 1999|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||1 v. (various pagings) :|
|LC Control Number||99202467|
2The major fluorinated greenhouse gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF 6) comprised only 1% of global emissions in Ibid. p; and Schaefer, D., Godwin, D. and Harnisch, J. (). “Estimating Future Emissions and Potential Reductions of HFCs, PFCs & SF6.” The Energy Journal. p. 3IPCC AR4 WG1. (). “Changes in Atmospheric Constituents and inFile Size: KB. The direct emission was calculated from the amount of HFCs, PFCs and SF6 that had leaked or had purged directly into the atmosphere. It was found that the direct emissions from manufacturing and servicing refrigerator had increased and the different emissions depend on the amount of GHG that was converted which was compared to the amount of Author: Varittha Sriruang, Nathsuda Pumijumnong, Winai Nutmagul, Vanisa Surapipith.
This sectoral guideline only covers process-related HFC emissions from the production of HCFC This guideline does not cover a) direct emissions from the combustion of fossil fuel occurring during the production of HCFC and b) indirect emissions from the purchase of energy (electricity or steam) used for HCFC Size: 94KB. Emissions of CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs and SF6 (Edition ) This table contains data for CO2, CH4, N2O, HFC, PFC and SF6 emissions from fossil fuel combustion in .
emission reduction potentials (2). Therefore, these sectors should be a focus of future efforts to reduce F-gas emissions. Being aware of both, the necessity to phase out CFCs and HCFCs and the global warming potential of HFCs and PFCs, HFCs can be seen as useful ODS substitutes in existing equipment as long as emissions will be limited. In very. Some quick facts about HFC emissions: HFCs are the world’s fastest growing source of greenhouse gases, increasing by 10 to 15 percent a year. Between and , the proposed Canadian regulations are expected to result in a cumulative HFC emission reductions equivalent to million tons of carbon dioxide.
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The remaining emission sources contributes % to the total. The total HFC emission for the UK has increased by a factor of compared with the emission due to the increasing use of HFCs and increased production of halocarbons. Table UK Emissions of HFCs (tonnes).
The greenhouse gases subject to emission reduction commitments under the UN Climate Convention include the fluorinated compounds sulphur hexafluoride (SF6), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). The present study projects the emissions of these gases in Germany over the period, with and without additional emission abatement efforts.
= Sum (potential emission of chemical) Emissions related to production and distribution of HFCs, PFCs, and SF6 have to be taken into account as described in SectionFluorochemical Production. Former Tier 1b The former Tier 1b is an extension of the former Tier 1a and includes HFCs, PFCs, and SF6 contained in various.
HFCs, PFCs and SF 6 Emission Estimates. Hydrofluorocarbons. The UK emissions of HFCs are shown in Table The emissions are reported in terms of their global warming potential (GWP).
The HFC emissions comprise many species each with its own GWP, hence it is more helpful to express emissions in terms of GWP as CO 2 equivalent.
It is not. ECOFYS Reduction of the emissions of HFC’ s, PFC’ s and SF 6 in the EU M / SUMMARY iv Abatement options HFC's, PFC's, SF 6 The report gives an inventory of abatement options, cost and emission re-duction potentials, for PFCS and SF₆ and potential emission reduction options book emission sources distinguished in table 1.
in the atmosphere. The extraordinary atmospheric stability of PFCs, SF 6 and some HFCs was an additional reason to restrict their emission [Cook, ].
Despite their limited present and near future relevance to global warming, is has been shown that the abatement of emissions of HFCs, PFCs and SF 6 can significantly reduce the total costs. Consumption of PFCs 26 4 EMISSION OF F-GASES 29 Emissions of HFCs from refrigerants 29 Emissions of HFCs from PUR foam products and propellants 32 Emissions of sulphur hexafluoride 34 Emissions of per fluorinated hydrocarbons 36 5 File Size: KB.
Abstract. After a description of the emission sources of new gases in Germany scenarios for possible future emissions were developed. It is shown that the total emissions of HFCs, PFCs and SF 6 will increase without the implementation of emission reduction measures by about % to a total of Mtons CO 2 equivalents between and This increase can be limited by appropriate Author: Petra Mahrenholz.
Determination of comparative HCFC and HFC emission profiles Commercial in Confidence 7 2. OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE Background In mid, the IPCC, in association with TEAP commissioned the development of a Special Report entitled "Safeguarding the ozone layer and the global climate: issues related to HFCs and PFCs”.
Documenting the use of CFCs and HCFCs accounts for this increase. Climate Leaders considers shifts in CFC and HCFC use to HFCs and PFCs when eval- uating a Partner's reduction goal if HFCs or PFCs from refrigerant switching are a significant source of emission reductions.
ECOFYS Reduction of the emissions of HFC’s, PFC’s and SF 6 in the EU M / SUMMARY vi Abatement options HFC's, PFC's, SF 6 The report gives an inventory of abatement options, cost and emission re-duction potentials, for all emission sources distinguished in table 1.
These abatement options are ranked by type of technology, using the fol-File Size: KB. 1 Historical global emission trends of the Kyoto gases HFCs, PFCs, and SF6 Jos G.J. Olivier1 and Joost Bakker2 1 RIVM, Bilthoven, P.O. Box 1, NL BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands; email: [email protected] 2 TNO -MEP, P.O.
BoxNL Apeldoorn, The Netherlands INTRODUCTION Recently, emissions of the so-called ‘new’ greenhouse gases HFCs, PFCs, and SF. Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) Definition: Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.
Description: The map below shows how Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) varies by country. PFC, HFC, NF3 and SF6 Emissions from Semiconductor Manufacturing 1 INTRODUCTION Nature, magnitude, and distribution of source Semiconductors or integrated circuits act as the brains for advanced electronic controls and devices, which have become increasingly prevalent in consumer and industrial equipment in recent Size: KB.
Roughly 10 per cent of the HFCs and PFCs in use in Norway are released every year. In almost million tonnes of CO2-equivalents were released into the atmosphere, amounting to almost 1 per cent of the total emission of greenhouse gases in Norway.
Figure ES 3 shows the annual emissions of HFCs and PFCs from to in blue bars. Documents 24/ Emissions of HFCs and PFCs from product use in Norway Statistics Norway 3 Preface This report documents the revised methodology used to estimate emissions of fluorinated substitutes for ozone depleting substances in the Norwegian emission inventory from (reference year ) and onwards.
This comprises emissions. This section reports the actual emissions of the greenhouse F-gases HFCs, PFCs, and SF 6 for All emissions are calculated as actual emissions according to IPCC’s tier 2 methodology.
The calculation is based on the reports on consumption of these substances analysed by application areas (section ). 1 Emissions of HFCs, PFCs and SF 6 in the Business-as-Usual Scenario VI Ranking emissions sources in the business-as-usual scenario VI 2 Emissions of HFCs, PFCs and SF 6 in the Reduction Scenario VIII Sector-by-sector reduction potentials VIII 3 Conclusions for Emissions Abatement Policies XI Annex: Supplementary data XII I.
Fluorinated gas emissions: HFCs. HFCs are the largest source of fluorinated gas emissions. They are also the fastest growing source of greenhouse gas emissions.3 Most HFCs are contained within equipment and products.
Leakage of the gases causes emissions during manufacturing, maintenance as well as through regular usage. The emissions of HFC to the environment are caused by interplay of two factors: the total stock of HFC in the system and the emission factor.
4 Emission of HFC occurs mainly during use and from applications that are disposed at their End of Life, emission during production is negligible (Palandre et al., ).Cited by: 8.
Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) can be produced in the primary aluminium reduction process, during events referred to as anode effects. An anode effect is a process upset condition, where an insufficient amount of alumina is dissolved in the electrolyte bath. This causes the voltage in the pot to be elevated above the normal operating range, resulting.The quantitative analysis of HFCs, PFCs and SF 6 emission from Thailand’s industries is a survey research which includes examining: (1) The production process for each.- Emissions of HFCs, PFCs (about 20 individual fluids), and SF 6 in metric tonnes and CO 2 equivalents from industrial processes, by individual sectors, - Emissions projections of HFCs, PFCs and SF 6 in Germany, - Rating of the effects of implemented and intended emission reduction measures.
In this context the following report was : Emission Forecasts.